As reported in the New York Times, on May 6, 2013, the ACT, the organization that administers the ACT Exam, has announced that starting with spring, 2015 administrations of the exam it will offer computer-based testing.
The ACT plans to make the computerized version of the test the default mode of testing, but will still allow schools that do not have "the technological capability" to continue to offer paper and pencil-based testing.
Jon Erickson, the president of ACT’s Education Division is quoted in the New York Times article as saying “We will probably have the option for students to choose paper and pencil, as well. But all the anecdotal evidence is that students prefer the computer.”
The content tested on the computer-based ACT will be unchanged from what is tested on the current paper and pencil-based exam.
In addition, for the first time, there will be optional "constructed-response" questions, which are not multiple-choice, on the computerized version of the ACT. Students will perform "virtual tasks" and then enter their own answers to the questions.